Turkish Logistics Targets
Turkey forms a geographical, economic, and cultural bridge between Europe and Asia. The country has invested heavily in land transportation infrastructure and developed one of the largest land transportation fleets in Europe. Turkey has grown its road system to an impressive 64,856 km. Highway transport accounts for 95% of all passenger travel and 90% of all goods.
The Mediterranean sea, the Bosphorus sea, the Aegean sea, the Black sea and Dardanelles straits surround Turkey on three sides. A 8,333km coastline gives the country a large maritime transport advantage. Turkey uses this advantage to move 50.7% of its exports and 53.2% of its imports. Road transport accounts for 40.3% of exports and 22.9% of imports with the remainder being move by air transportation.
The General Directorate of Turkish State Railways (TCDD) has been operating Turkey’s 10,984 km railway system for a very long time. The Turkish government is aiming to modernize the system through various projects scheduled through 2023. Railway development has been allocated a 23.5 billion budget to improve service quality and to spread high speed rail passenger service.
Turkish Airlines has become a leader in traffic and capacity growth in Europe (AEA, 2009), with 13 of its 45 airports providing international service. Skytrax awarded Turkish airlines its “ Best Airline Award” in 2011. Istanbul Ataturk Airport won the “ Best Airport Award “ in 2010. Also in 2010 Turkey had more than 100 million airline passengers.
New projects will allow Turkey to give many future combined transportation projects a new sense of importance. The implementation of public-private partnership models for transportation infrastructure investments will be increased. Traffic safety measure will also be increased with maritime safety being a priority. Priority will also be given to rail and maritime transport while ports will be made into logistic centers for combined transport.
Logistic services are a new arena for Turkey. But the rapid growth of this sector , and its location at the crossroads of major trade routes, surely means that Turkey is destined to be an important logistic center
Source: “Turkish Transportation and Logistics Industry” report – Deloitte “Transport and Logistic Services” report – Export Promotion Center (IGEME)
The centennial Republic founding year of 2023 is the target for many Turkish transportation and logistic center goals . These include:
16 new large-scale logistic centers
36,500 km dual carriageway, 7,500 km motorway
70,000 km with bitumen hot-mix asphalt
In 2019, an undersea tube and the 3rd bridge on the Bosphorus
Bridge on the Dardanelles
10,000 km high-speed railway, 4,000 km additional railway
8,000 km with electricity and signaling
500 km railway will be renovated annually
Opening up of railways to the private sector
Renovation of terminals and stations and construction of new terminals for high-speed trains
Support railway projects to connect Turkey with the Caucasus, the Middle East and North Africa
New airports, 400 million passenger capacity (165 million)
3 new airports in Istanbul
750-plane fleet (200 regional)
Connection of main ports with railways
Transfer ports in Aegean/Mediterranean/Marmara/Black Sea
Having at least one of the top 10 ports in the world by 2019
32 million TEU handling capacity for container transport
Handling 500 million tons of solid and 350 million tons of liquid load
10 million DWT shipbuilding capacity
100 marinas with 50,000 yacht capacity