Euro pallets (Do we really know them?)
Everything about Euro pallets (EPAL)
According to the regulations of the:
Union Internationale de Chemin de fer PARIS
Code 435 – 2
( DIN 15146 )
The measurement 800 mm x 1200 mm is based on the internationally standardized packaging module 400 mm x 600 mm. The building tolerances respect the natural features of wood (e.g. becoming smaller when getting dry). The net weight of a Europallet is 30 kg (depending on kind of wood and moisture)
The EURO-Pallet is made for following weights when being stored in racks or on the fork of a forklift-truck:
1000 kg (rated weight), when the weight is spread over the pallet.
1500 kg, when the weight is spread over the pallet evenly.
2000 kg, when the weight is spread in a compact way over the total pallet completely.
On stacks the additional weight of the lowest pallet is:
max. 4000 kg, when it is placed on an even, horizontal and fix surface and the weight is spread horizontally over the total pallet.
The wood has to be free from any preservers.
Following defects are not allowed:
rottenness (mould, sponge, dry rottenness) , active insect attacks.
The wood moisture may not be more than 22% of the weight of the dry wood (kiln weight).
In case of less wood moisture other percentages are valid.
When using oak-wood tree-edges are not allowed. In case of other wood tree-edges on two edges are allowed under certain circumstances. Tree-edges are not allowed for cross boards, middle bottom boards and on outside edges of the Deckrand- and bottom edge boards.
Branches up to 10 mm diameter cannot be used. Strongly grown branches can be used; strongly grown means if branches are grown fix at minimum on 3/4 of their girth on one side.
All boards have to exist out of one piece.
On the loading- and bottomsurface of the pallet the boards have to be rough (not planed).
Blocks of wood:
The grains of the blocks, except the blocks 145 mm x 145 mm, have to run parallel according to the longitudinal axis.
The blocks may consist of:
– one piece of wood
– wood shave material (forming shave block)
The upper edges of the bottom boards and the four edges of the pallets need to have diagonal edges.
When using blocks of wood shaves material the inner edges of the ground boards do not have to be adjusted to the diagonal edges of the blocks.